Bubonic plague savaged much of Europe and Asia during the Middle Ages killing millions. Between 1346 and 1353 an estimated 50 million were kille
Bubonic plague savaged much of Europe and Asia during the Middle Ages killing millions. Between 1346 and 1353 an estimated 50 million were killed in a particularly brutal outbreak known as the ‘Black Death’.
On July 3 Mongolian media said two people had been infected with what was suspected to be bubonic plague in the western Khovd region of their country.
A little over a week later a 15-year-old child died of what was suspected to be the disease before they could reach hospital, whilst another plague case was confirmed on July 16.
According to Bandikhuu Amgalanbayar, deputy director of Mongolia’s National Centre for the Study of Zoonotic Infections, 17 out of the country’s 21 provinces and over a hundred districts are at risk of a bubonic plague outbreak.
However whilst the disease was disastrous in medieval times, with somewhere between 30 and 90 percent of those infected dying, modern medicine has brought this death rate down dramatically.
Mongolia was already fighting coronavirus before the bubonic plague struck
More than 14 million people have been diagnosed with COVID-19 worldwide
Between 2010 and 2015 there were 3,248 reported cases globally, which caused 584 deaths.
These tended to be concentrated in countries with less developed medical systems such as Madagascar, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Peru.
Vladimir Nikiforov, chief infectious disease expert at Russia’s Federal Biomedical Agency, insisted the outbreak poses “absolutely no threat” to his country.
Historically most bubonic plague cases were spread by rat fleas, with rats spreading the disease around the world via ships and other forms of long distance trade.
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Coronavirus has killed more than 590,000 people across the world
Those infected with bubonic plague typically suffer from flu like symptoms, vomiting and the development of swollen lumps on the skin.
The ‘Black Death’, the best known historical outbreak, is estimated to have killed between 25 and 60 percent of the European population.
It also caused devastation to Asia, particularly China and India, and parts of North Africa.
The world is currently battling a coronavirus epidemic which originated in China’s Hubei province at the end of last year.
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At least eight million people are known to have recovered from COVID-19
Mongolia has implemented stringent measures to fight against COVID-19
Thus far across the world over 14 million COVID-19 cases have been reported, which have caused over 590,000 registered deaths.
At least eight million people are known to have recovered during the same period though due to limited testing the real figure is almost certainly much higher.
In response to the outbreak much of the world has implemented stringent protective measures, including full lockdowns in some of cases, to slow the disease’s spread.
The pandemic has also triggered the world global recession since the Great Depression last century.
Britain entered lockdown on March 23, with citizens initially only allowed out of their homes to shop or exercise, though this has since been relaxed.
On July 4, after more than four months, pubs across England were allowed to reopen.
At a Downing Street press conference on Friday Boris Johnson said he hoped for a “significant return to normality” by Christmas.
Medieval London plague victims being dug up in 2005
However he added this “remains conditional” on continued progress to control the virus and prevent a second wave of infections.
Mr Johnson said: “It is my strong and sincere hope that we will be able to review the outstanding restrictions and allow a more significant return to normality from November at the earliest, possibly in time for Christmas.”
The Prime Minister added the Government is “hoping for the best and planning for the worse”.