Many schools were given Confederate-related names in the 1950s and 1960s as part of a coordinated effort by governors, legislators and White leaders to push back against racial integration in public schools, the EJI said.
Confederate-named schools are located in 17 states, with some being found in Georgia, Alabama and Texas. The schools range from public elementary to high schools, and the majority of the schools are located in the South from North Carolina to Texas.
Jefferson Davis Elementary School in Greenwood, Mississippi is named after the Confederate President who led the charge to preserve slavery, and nearly all of the students who attend the school are African American, according to the EJI.
Stonewall Jackson Elementary in Plant City, Florida, is named after General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, who led the Confederate Army and bought and sold slaves. The EJI says that the school is made up of 85% nonwhite students.
As these public schools bearing the name of Confederate leaders opened their doors to Black people, many White students fled to private schools, leading to more nonwhites making up the majority of the student body today, the EJI says.
More than 30 schools in the US have been renamed since 2014 in order to eliminate any link to Confederacy, according to the EJI.
The Montgomery County Board of Education voted to rename three schools — Robert E. Lee High School, Jefferson Davis High School and Sidney Lanier High School — amid national protests in July.
However, many schools still bear the names of Confederate leaders, and the EJI says this could lead some young students to “embrace the names, likenesses, and symbols of men who fought a brutal war against the US in order to preserve White supremacy.”
Since the death of George Floyd and protests flared across the US, at least 45 Confederate symbols have been removed or relocated from public places, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center.
CNN’s Christina Walker contributed to this report.
“We really appreciate you, we love your country also and thank you very much,” Trump said, concluding his call.
His use of “your country” when speaking to Americans was reminiscent of previous remarks he’s made that were criticized for the suggestion that American Jews view themselves as loyal to Israel.
In August of 2019, Trump was harshly criticized for saying Jews who vote for Democrats are “disloyal.”
On Wednesday’s call, he made a direct appeal for support in the upcoming election.
“And I have to say this, whatever you can do in terms of November 3rd is going to be very important because if we don’t win, Israel is in big trouble,” Trump said to those on the call.
He lamented the lack of support he had received from Jews in 2016, saying their vote “seems to be almost automatically a Democrat vote.”
“What really amazes me, and I have to tell you because I saw a poll, that in the last election I got 25% of the Jewish vote. And I said here I have a son-in-law and a daughter who are Jewish, I have beautiful grandchildren that are Jewish,” Trump said. “But I’m amazed that it seems to be almost automatically a Democrat vote.”
The President told those on the call that he hopes they can “do better with that” in the 2020 election.
“I hope you can explain to people what’s going on. We have to get more support from the Jewish people for Israel,” he said.
Trump also called Jared Kushner, his son-in-law and senior adviser, “unbelievable for Israel. He’s really been a leader for Israel.”
The former Conservative leader who led the country from 2010 to 2016 has yet to weigh in on the political drama as the UK and Brussels inch closer to the transition period deadline without a deal in sight. Four former Tory leaders have been vocal about their feelings as the post-Brexit trade talks with the EU drag on.The interventions were made following the release of Boris Johnson’s Internal Market Bill, which a government Minister admitted in the House of Commons does breach international law.
Former Tory Prime Minister Sir John Major this week issued a strongly-worded statement condemning the Government’s Internal Market Bill.
Theresa May has also been outspoken about her opposition to the proposed legislation, warning it would erode “trust” in the UK in future trade deals with other nations.
And Mr Cameron’s former foreign secretary William Hague, who led the Tories from 1997 to 2001, has called on Boris Johnson’s Government to “stop being so stubborn about state aid” in a bid to clinch a free trade deal with the EU.
Lord Howard, former leader of the Conservative Party, has also publicly challenged No 10 on the bill which seeks to undermine parts of the Withdrawal Agreement Britain negotiated with the bloc.
Sky News presenter Adam Boulton questioned why Mr Cameron was keeping so quiet in the midst of the Brexit furore.
He tweeted: “Major, May, Howard, Hague, where’s David Cameron?”
Many people said they would love to hear Mr Cameron’s take on how the Government is handling the Brexit saga.
One person said: “Maybe David Cameron would like to clarify where he stands on a British Government breaking international law/treaties?”
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The Government published the bill on Wednesday after admitting it would break international law.
It can override parts of the Brexit deal Mr Johnson signed with the EU in January.
The bill lays out how ministers would have the power to disapply or change expert declarations for goods moving from Britain to Northern Ireland.
The Prime Minister has claimed it would protect the Northern Ireland peace process.
As he vowed to press ahead with the controversial legislation, his critics, many in the Tory party, accused him of risking the country’s reputation on the world stage.
Sir John said: “For generations, Britain’s word – solemnly given – has been accepted by friend and foe.
“Our signature on any treaty or agreement has been sacrosanct.
“If we lose our reputation for honouring the promises we make, we will have lost something beyond price that may never be regained.”
An emergency meeting was held in London on Thursday between Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove and the European Commission’s Vice-President Maros Sefcovic to discuss the move.
Mr Sefcovic, who co-chairs the EU-UK Joint Committee with Mr Gove, asked for the bill to be withdrawn within a month, a request which was shot down by his counterpart.
Mr Gove said: “I explained to Vice-President Sefcovic that we could not and would not do that and instead I stressed the vital importance of reaching an agreement through the Joint Committee on these important questions.”
Iraqi Saman Taha Ahmed, 30, is arrested (Image: NCA)
Many of the fugitives came to the UK illegally and claimed asylum before going on to set up their evil networks, a Sunday Express investigation found. At least 20 suspects, wanted for people smuggling across Continental borders, mainly into the UK, are awaiting extradition to the European nations. Others have recently been extradited for similar offences.
Tragic Abdulfatah died crossing the Channel in a dinghy (Image: NCA)
Home Secretary Priti Patel has vowed to dismantle networks bringing people illegally into the UK as the Channel migrants crisis grows with 11 boats carrying 164 people arriving on Wednesday.
A further 41 migrants were rescued from four boats and returned to France after they got into difficulty soon after leaving.
The dangers were exposed on Wednesday when Sudanese migrant Abdulfatah Hamdallah, 28, who attempted the crossing in a tiny dinghy, was found drowned on the French coast. Last October 39 Vietnamese people died in a locked refrigerated container which was brought across the channel on a freight ship.
As the Home Office and National Crime Agency (NCA) seek to track down and disrupt the gangs, our probe shows many major players live in the UK.
Countries including France, Belgium, Germany, The Netherlands, Hungary, Slovakia and Albania have all sought traffickers hiding in the UK this year.
Chan Khan is to serve eight years for trafficking in France (Image: NCA)
On Thursday, Westminster Magistrates’ Court heard the case of Afghan Narinder Singh Khatari, 48, from Hounslow, who was wanted by The Netherlands for facilitating unauthorised entry and residence.
His extradition proceedings were ended after the court heard he had died and a death certificate was filed. Hashem Saleh Bazlah appeared at the same court on Wednesday. The 32-year-old from Leamington Spa, had been arrested on a European Arrest Warrant (EAW) and remanded in custody.
He is wanted in France for the smuggling of migrants, human trafficking and money laundering and the case was adjourned.
Alp Mehmet, chairman of Migration Watch, said: “This is shocking, and another sign of how lax immigration control has become. “I shudder to think of how many dangerous criminals have taken, and will take, advantage of our ever looser asylum system.
“My question to the Government is, when will you take back control, as you promised?” Freddy Nika, 47, was arrested in Edgware, north London, in December on another EAW issued by France.
Migrants have been taken advantage of by human traffickers (Image: Getty)
The Albanian came to the UK in 1999, claiming to be a refugee from the Kosovan War, and was granted asylum.
He was convicted of people smuggling offences in his absence in France in June 2019 and sentenced to five years in jail. Westminster Magistrates were told the French court found he was the head of an Albanian crime gang that got migrants into France before smuggling them into the UK in lorries at £8,000 to £9,000 per person.
The court heard between February and April 2016, Nika was in charge of at least 11 illegal crossings and attempts.
He denied being involved in people smuggling and claimed someone must have stolen his identity. District judge Nina Tempia said he should be extradited and could apply for a retrial in France.
Vietnamese crime head Chan Khan is also being sent to France to serve eight years for trafficking nationals from his homeland.
He entered the UK illegally in 2012, but failed to get asylum. However, he was given temporary leave to remain until 2021. He was arrested in January in Bexhill, East Sussex, and was also wanted by the NCA.
The trafficking allegedly took place from 2015 until May 2017 in Paris, Dunkirk and Grande Synthe, in France, the UK and Vietnam. Khan denied being the wanted person, giving another name.
In a judgement ordering his extradition, judge Michael Snow wrote: “The requested person was found to be one of the main organisers of a Vietnamese illegal immigration network.
“He was heard to order the reprimand of a migrant, he was also heard to discuss guards of the migrant storage places.”
Many others are hoping extradition requests will be refused. Iraqi Saman Taha Ahmed, 30, is wanted in Belgium for allegedly heading a network smuggling people into the UK in HGVs.
Many accused of trafficking claims hope extradition requests will be refused (Image: Getty)
He is remanded in custody ahead of an extradition hearing. He was arrested with British girlfriend Jemma Killoran, 36, in Slough, Berks, and she is also fighting extradition and has been bailed.
NCA head of organised immigration crime operations, Steve Reynolds, said: “The criminal networks involved in people smuggling are ruthless, treating migrants as a commodity to be profited from and exploiting their desperation.
“We are determined to do all we can to disrupt and dismantle these networks.”
A spokesman for the Home Office, led by Priti Patel, said: “We are targeting the abhorrent criminals, people smugglers and organised crime gangs facilitating migrants travelling through Europe into the UK.
“This year we have jailed 24 people smugglers.
“We are working to dissolve their networks, by disrupting their operations and seizing their illicit assets which includes almost £400,000 last month.”
Donald Trump’s attitude to Vladimir Putin could continue to be a bone of contention between the US President and other major allies. The American leader has called for the next G7 summit to take place after the US election in November and also for the Russian President to attend. The Times’ Washington Correspondent, Henry Zeffman, spoke to Times Radio about why this row could be replicated on the world stage.
He told listeners: “It’s unclear if this is ever going to happen really.
“The US holds the rotating presidency of this club of powerful democracies during the year of 2020.
“The summit was meant to be in June. Understandably because of coronavirus it got moved to a teleconference.
“But Trump said that he wanted it to happen in person and signed up various world leaders.”
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Mr Zeffman continued: “All of them apart from Angela Merkel were onboard, including Boris Johnson, for a delayed summit in July.
“But just a few days before it was meant to happen he said to some reporters the G7 was meaningless and that other countries needed to be there.
“He said he wanted to invite Vladimir Putin and the leaders of Australia, South Africa and India.
“That obviously defies the point of the G7 even though there are usually invited guests.”
Russia was kicked out of the group after the annexation of Crimea in 2014.
The UK and Canada have both opposed Russia’s return to the G7.
Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said: “Russia was excluded from the G7 after it invaded Crimea a number of years ago.
“Its continued disrespect and flaunting of international rules and norms is why it remains outside of the G7, and it will continue to remain out.”
A spokesman for the UK Prime Minister said he would veto any proposal to allow Russia to rejoin the group.
Mr Barton questioned whether the Prime Minister was the right person to be discussing the moral duty to reopen schools. Mr Barton told LBC’s Iain Dale that leaders of schools and colleges, alongside governors will have to make decisions on reopening schools if the Government fails to issue clear guidance.
Mr Dale asked: “You represent headteachers all over the country, what are they saying to you?”
Mr Barton replied: “This morning they will be saying that they are not sure the Prime Minister is the person to be give them a lecture about moral duty.
“First of all they have gone out of their way to keep schools open for priority pupils and they have worked with the guidance from the Government which has been changing sometimes by the day in order to have their schools ready.
“I think if you want to see leadership you look to schools and colleges leaders and that is where it has resided.
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“Ultimately, if the guidance isn’t clear then you as leaders of your schools and colleges with your governors on behalf of your communities make a decision.”
Earlier this week, the Schools Minister confirmed that all children will return to education in September including in areas under local lockdown.
Nick Gibb told Sky News: “We’re very clear that all children will be returning to school in September, including in areas of local lockdown such as Greater Manchester.
“It is hugely important for children’s education, for their wellbeing, that they do return to school and schools are working enormously hard in preparation for September to make sure that the risk of transmitting the virus within the school environment is kept to an absolute minimum.
Worldwide there have been more than 19.9 million COVID-19 cases.
The death toll has reached more than 730,000.
More than 12.8 million people have recovered from the coronavirus across the globe.
The US has the most COVID-19 cases in the world with more than 5.1 million.
State Rep. LaShawn K. Ford joined a group of Evanston leaders Sunday to ask the state to cease its current history lessons, saying current history books and curriculum practices “unfairly communicate our history” and “overlook the contributions by Women and members of the Black, Jewish, LGBTQ communities and other groups,” Ford said in a statement to CNN.
“Until a suitable alternative is developed, we should instead devote greater attention toward civics and ensuring students understand our democratic processes and how they can be involved,” he said. “I’m also alarmed that people continue to display symbols of hate, such as the recent display of the Confederate flag in Evanston.”
The call to action isn’t new for Ford and community leaders. It’s an ongoing initiative that started in February when Ford helped introduce HB 4954, which calls for amending the school code to include commemorative holidays to observe the principles of non-violence and human and civil rights.
Meleika Gardner, a board member at We Will, an organization fighting for women and children’s rights in local legislation, created an amendment to Ford’s bill to add a school code making the study of the American civil rights movement, pre-enslavement history and additional areas of study to the Black History portion of the curriculum mandatory rather than an elective, she told CNN.
“It’s just very damaging,” she said of the current curriculum. “It feeds into systemic racism if you’re fed that information.”
Gardner testified before the house committee in March for the bill. Sunday’s news conference was the third time the group has gathered to talk about the importance of the bill and change in curriculum.
“We want to keep it fresh in people’s minds,” Gardner said. “With everything going on in the climate, with George Floyd, this is the perfect time now because people are starting to wake up.”
Evanston Mayor Steve Hagerty said he isn’t comfortable speaking about education, curriculum and whether or not history lessons should be suspended, but he does support HB 4954, according to a statement.
“I am interested in learning more and believe the history of Black people should be taught to all children and include all groups, Women, LatinX, and Native Indians who helped to build America.”
Ford told CNN the General Assembly is out until November but he hopes to see movement on HB 4954 when it returns.