Type 2 diabetes: Shiny, smooth skin on a certain body part could mean blood sugar is high

The pancreas is responsible for making the hormone insulin, which enables the glucose in the blood to enter the cells and fuel our bodies. However, your body may be struggling with high blood sugar levels if your skin turns shiny.

Sugar, i.e. glucose, comes from the foods you eat. Normally, the pancreas is able to sense when glucose is in the body and it releases an adequate amount of insulin.

However, people with type 2 diabetes don’t have the luxury of this bodily response from functioning well.

Instead, the amount of sugar in the bloodstream continues to increase, leading to symptoms and complications.

People with the condition may experience more bouts of thrush and genital itching.

Moreover, it can lead to blurred vision; cuts and wounds may heal more slowly too.

Speaking of which, lengthy periods of high blood sugar (i.e. hyperglycemia) can lead to wounds or sores that don’t heal on your feet.

Hyperglycaemia can lead to serious foot problems so, with the next opportunity you get, take the time to carefully inspect your feet.


You’ll need to book a doctor’s appointment as soon as possible if you see shiny, smooth skin on your feet.

Other causes for alarm include numbness, a burning pain, a dull ache, and loss of feeling in your feet or legs.

Also, take note if you’re suffering from hair loss on your feet or legs, or if your feet are swollen or don’t sweat.

Look out for a foul smell coming from an open wound, or blisters and cuts that you can see but can’t feel.

In severe cases, uncontrolled diabetes can lead to foot amputations, so you really do need to alert a doctor of any of the above signs.

High blood sugar levels can damage the nerve cells, hence why feelings in the feet may become non-existent.

On top of this, high blood sugar can damage the circulation in the body, which is why sores and cuts take longer to heal.

There are other serious consequences of type 2 diabetes, which is why it’s important for the diagnosis and management of the condition.

Other health complications of the condition include a higher risk of a heart attack or stroke.

In addition, one with uncontrolled diabetes may be at more risk of kidney disease.

As kidney disease progresses, you’re likely to have swollen ankles, feet and hands.

In addition, you may feel nauseous, as the kidneys struggle to clear waste from your body.

Analysis: The money part of Breonna Taylor settlement is just a bandage

B: The announcement was very, very moving. At the same time, like a lot of people, I had a reaction that I’ll sum up as “great, but”: The size of the settlement is great, very definitely, but what about the officers who were involved in the flawed raid that took Taylor’s life?

Six months later, they still haven’t been charged with a crime.

“It’s time to move forward with the criminal charges, because she deserves that and much more,” is how Taylor’s mom put it.

L: Yeah, that’s true. It’s also the largest settlement ever paid by the city of Louisville, right? So off the bat, that was shocking to me, even though it took months of nationwide protests to get there. Right away, though, the sheer size of the sum — and the fact that Taylor’s family got a sizable settlement at all — struck me.

B: I can sense a “but” coming …

L: You’re not wrong! BUT: At the end of the day, the money isn’t the most important part of the case. The money is just a bandage. It can’t address the underlying illness of police violence.

B: Which is why something else also jumped out at me: the promise to institute police reforms. The city agreed to offer a housing program to incentivize officers to live in the areas where they serve, involve social workers when appropriate and tighten the process of how search warrants are issued.

All that’s important, too, I think.

L: Yes! Taylor’s mom touched on the role of the reforms: “Justice for Breonna means that we will continue to save lives in her honor. No amount of money accomplishes that, but the police reform measures that we were able to get passed as a part of this settlement mean so much more to my family, our community and to Breonna’s legacy.”

B: That, to me, is the takeaway: The settlement is a big step, but it’s still just one step on a longer path to justice.

ICYMI: Patti LaBelle vs. Gladys Knight

Patti Labelle and Gladys Knight in the latest "Verzuz" battle.
Why we’re excited: The latest Verzuz battle pit living legends Patti LaBelle and Gladys Knight against each other. But battle doesn’t feel like the right way to describe the incredible event.

For more than two hours, the two women didn’t just revisit their catalogues that have helped to define R&B (their hits include “Midnight Train to Georgia,” “Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye),” “New Attitude,” and “If Only You Knew”). They reflected on how their careers have overlapped, gushed about their families, and showered praise on their “opponent’s” musical artistry. The show was a broadcast of Black love.

Or as LaBelle put it, simply but no less movingly, “We are so happy to be together. We’ve been together for many, many, many years.”

Recommended for your eyes and ears

Michael K. Williams attends the 2020 Vanity Fair Oscar Party.

Brandon recommends: Esquire profile of Michael Kenneth Williams

No piece of culture has given me more to chew over this week than Esquire’s profile of Michael Kenneth Williams. That’s because it’s less a profile than a stirring appeal to reconsider how we view Black actors and what they can reveal on screen about Black life.

“Do you ask (Robert) De Niro, Is he tired of being typecast, all the mob movies he’s made?” Williams said in the story. He was referring to a question that people frequently throw at him, but not at White actors, about whether he’s concerned about being typecast, about portraying characters with broad parallels.

In “Lovecraft Country,” Williams plays Montrose Freeman, a poor, closeted, 1950s Chicagoan. In “The Wire,” he plays Omar Little — aka the Robin Hood of Baltimore — a poor, gay stickup man who has slick lines like, “You got me confused with a man who repeats himself.”

But as Williams argued, the focus on supposed typecasting does two things. For one, it glosses over the practical aspect of his work. ” ‘Aren’t you afraid of being typecast?’ I’m like, ‘No, I’m afraid of not eating,’ ” he said. “This is my job.”

The narrow attention that some people pay to Williams’ roles alludes to something else, too: the assumption that these roles are unwelcome, that they’re stale, that they don’t have anything to say about being Black in America.

The reality is that Williams’ characters grip audiences precisely because they have so much to say — about Black masculinity, about Black vulnerability.

Montrose and Omar may have a few things in common, but in Williams’ hands, they become individuals, discrete personalities to engage with. (In 2019, I wrote about why Omar, in all his gay Black glory, is one of the most important characters of the past 25 years.)

“I will not allow Hollywood to stereotype or to desensitize my experience growing up in the ‘hood,” Williams said. “This is my job as an actor, to show the integrity, to show the class, to show the swagger, to show the danger, to show the pain, to show the bad choices. Those things exist in everyone’s community. But no one’s asking those actors if they’re afraid of being typecast.”

Fortunately, Williams isn’t daunted by the question. Television would be all the lousier if he were.

Kravtiz as Rob Brooks on Hulu's "High Fidelity."

Leah recommends: Hulu’s “High Fidelity”

When Hulu’s take on the 2000 movie “High Fidelity” debuted in February, starring the incandescent Zoë Kravitz, the excitement was palpable.

Sure, initial reviews were mixed. But the modern reimagining of “High Fidelity” — which brought depth and record store-coolness to queer folks and women of color rather than to oft-centered cis straight White men — felt exhilarating. It spoke to a generation of young Millennials and Gen Z-ers, creating a world to which many young people of color could relate.

“I was trying to recreate a world that I know,” Kravitz, 31, told the New York Times ahead of the show’s debut, “and that’s what it looks like. It doesn’t look like a bunch of White girls.”

It’s not just the sexual and racial diversity of the cast that makes “High Fidelity” stand out. The show is one of the few that has dared to offer an honest portrayal of a messy, sometimes selfish, late-20s queer Black woman.

When the show was canceled last month, after just one season, Kravitz had a scathing remark for Hulu execs.

“It’s cool. At least Hulu has a ton of other shows starring women of color we can watch,” she wrote on Instagram. “Oh wait.”

The line Kravitz was drawing is clear. Hulu, with its “Black Stories” tab, doesn’t seem to care about telling these stories as much as it’d like to seem.

Weeks later, it was revealed that Season 2 would have focused not on Kravitz’s character but on Cherise, boisterously played by Da’Vine Joy Randolph. (Maybe it shouldn’t matter, but it bears noting: Randolph is a dark-skinned, plus-size Black woman).

The show is good. It’s got a great soundtrack (thanks in part to the mind of Questlove), a fun cast and witty dialogue. It’s a shame we weren’t allowed to see it grow, but its cancellation is also a painful reminder: that even after a historic summer, much of America is still only interested in minority stories on certain terms.

Around the office

In a horrifying history of forced sterilizations, some fear the US is beginning a new chapter

After allegations arose this week regarding a high rate of hysterectomies, or the removal of uteruses, and general medical neglect at an ICE facility in Georgia, comparisons are being made with the US’s history of forced sterilization.

This week, CNN’s Catherine Shoichet explored that history in a piece titled, “In a horrifying history of forced sterilizations, some fear the US is beginning a new chapter.”

“It’s important to know that America was profoundly shaped by the Eugenics Movement. … The legacies continue to play out and the lessons have not been learned,” Alexandra Minna Stern, a professor and associate dean at the University of Michigan, told Shoichet. “It’s an integral part of understanding the history of inequality in the United States, and how social ideas can be twisted to promote dehumanization.”

Sturgeon handed fresh blow: 'Shetland Islands BRAINWASHED to think it's part of Scotland'

Stuart Hill, who believes the islands have never belonged to Scotland or Britain, blasted the Scottish National Party (SNP) and its leader, Nicola Sturgeon, as he rallied for an independence referendum. He told Express.co.uk residents on the Shetland Islands are “more capable” of running the community than “by diktat from Holyrood or Westminster”.

He said: “My research shows that Shetland is already independent, but most people here will not accept that because they have been brainwashed into thinking that Shetland is part of Scotland and accepting my position involves challenging sovereignty.

“The current movement will, I expect, be asking for powers before ensuring that those they are asking have the powers to give them.

“It is my expectation that the Shetland community will move as one when they are comfortable to do so.”

The Shetland and Orkney independence campaigner said Ms Sturgeon was “not much liked” on the islands and as the First Minister ploughs ahead with her own desperate plans for a second Scottish independence referendum in the wake of Brexit it was “inevitable” residents on the rugged archipelago would feel the same.

nicola sturgeon

Nicola Sturgeon has been delivered a blow over the Shetland Islands (Image: GETTY)

The Englishman has been campaigning over constitutional matters since he arrived in Shetland in August 2001 after his boat capsized around 50 miles west of the isles.

He wants the Shetlands and Orkney to have their own own flag, currency and stamps.

The power struggle is engulfed around the islands, which land more fish than ports in England, Wales and Northern Ireland combined.

Mr Hill said: “Shetlanders are much more capable than they give themselves credit for and would be able to run this community better to the satisfaction of its members than by diktat from Holyrood or Westminster.

READ MORE: Oh dear, Nicola! Shetland Islands eye independence from Scotland

“According to official figures, far from being dependent on Scotland or the UK, we subsidise the UK by £76 million per year – before you take account of the oil, which, even in these times, dwarfs that figure.”

The Shetlands were the only part of Britain, along with the Western Isles of Scotland, that voted against EEC membership in a 1975 referendum.

During Scotland’s 2014 independence referendum, the unionist vote in the Shetlands was 63.7 percent – one of the highest levels in Scotland.

However, Mr Hill insisted now is the time to seek independence from Scotland and the UK.

He added: “The Sovereign Nation of Shetland’s strategy is to demonstrate the benefits of independence, attracting people until we become the de facto authority.”

His remarks come after members of Shetland Islands Council approved a motion to begin “exploring options for achieving financial and political self-determination”.

The move could trigger a Shetland Islands referendum to unshackle themselves from Scotland.

Twenty-two councillors backed the motion, which reads: “We believe that Shetland has the wherewithal to have a positive future.

“However, in recent times we have seen more and more decision making being centralised and public funding being consistently reduced.

“We are concerned that this ongoing situation is seriously threatening the prosperity, and even basic sustainability, of Shetland as a community.

“In order to look at alternatives to ensure Shetland can reach and maintain its full potential, we, the undersigned, move that: ‘The Shetland Islands Council formally begins exploring options for achieving financial and political self-determination.’”

It appears residents and councillors hope to adopt a similar path taken by the Faroe Islands, which have autonomous status within the Kingdom of Denmark.

Growing frustration over reduced government funding from Holyrood and centralised decision making has triggered the move.

Express.co.uk has contacted the SNP for comment.

Meghan Markle ‘planning Black Lives Matter’ movie as part of mega Netflix deal

Last week the streaming giant announced a major new deal with the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. The couple have agreed to produce films, documentaries and children’s shows for the company.

Whilst the exact figure hasn’t been released Meghan and Harry’s Netflix deal has been estimated to be worth $150million (£120million).

According to the Daily Mirror Meghan is keen to produce a film about Patrisse Cullors, one of the co-founders of Black Lives Matter.

The prominent activist has reportedly “hugely inspired” the Duchess.

She launched Black Lives Matter back in 2013 along with Opal Tometi and Alicia Garza.

A source explained: “Meghan has been blown away by the incredible work Patrisse has done. She thinks her story needs to be told – and she would love to be the one to make it.”

Ms Cullors has previously said she would refuse to meet with President Trump who she has reportedly described as the “epitome of evil”.

The Black Lives Matter movement saw a surge in support following the death of George Floyd, a 46-year-old black man, whilst he was being taken into custody by police in Minneapolis.

In response huge protests broke out across the United States, and even outside it, demanding social and racial justice.

READ MORE: Britons furious at Meghan Markle keeping royal title

He said: “Harry and Meghan have inspired millions of people all around the world with their authenticity, optimism and leadership.

“We’re incredibly proud they have chosen Netflix as their creative home – and are excited about telling stories with them that can help build resilience and increase understanding for audiences everywhere.”

Back in January the Duke and Duchess caused a global sensation by announcing they planned to step down as senior members of the royal family.

Instead the couple pledged to become financially independent and said they would divide their time between North America and Britain.

After a brief stay in Canada they moved to California, Meghan’s home state, shortly before the coronavirus lockdown began.

Recently they purchased a new £11.2million property to the north of Los Angeles.

The luxury property comes complete with a swimming pool, tennis court and children’s cottage.

Reacting to the Netflix deal the Duke and Duchess said: “Our lives, both independent of each other and as a couple, have allowed us to understand the power of the human spirit, of courage, resilience and the need for connection.

“Through our work with diverse communities and their environments, to shining a light on people and causes around the world, our focus will be on creating content that informs but also gives hope.

“As new parents, making inspirational family programming is also important to us, as is powerful storytelling through a truthful and relatable lens.”

N.Y. brewery takes part in annual Denver event

Prison City Pub & Brewery in Auburn is one of 32 breweries across the country that will take part in the Denver Rare Beer Tasting XII Sept. 25-27.

The event will take place virtually this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Additionally, participating breweries will hold special beer release events, including the release of Escape from Alca’razz, a raspberry sour, at Prison City. There will also be a Beer Lovers Online Auction to raise funds for Pints for Prostates, a campaign to raise prostate cancer awareness. 

The online event will include more than 11 hours of content over three days, from panels about craft beer and meet-and-greets with brewers to virtual bottle shares and brewery-produced videos. 

Tickets for the event, which usually takes place alongside the Great American Beer Festival, are $60. They include a commemorative tasting glass and T-shirt, a code to watch the online event and VIP status for next year’s Denver Rare Beer Tasting.

Coronavirus update: Would you take part in COVID-19 vaccine research?

This year will probably make the history books with the global pandemic affecting how people work, socialise and how the healthcare system coped. Would you take part in groundbreaking research?

The NHS attested “vaccines are the most effective way to prevent infectious diseases”.

The national health body added that “research into vaccines is the only way to find out which vaccines will work”.

This requires people to take part in trials to test the effectiveness of vaccines.

In addition, it’s likely you’ll have blood tests. Between visits, you’ll be asked to tell the research team about any symptoms you’re experiencing.

You may be asked to take a throat and nose swab every week at home, or to keep a diary.

If you sign up to be contacted about vaccine studies, only researchers approved by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) will be able to get in touch.

At present, there are only two national coronavirus vaccine studies approved by the NIHR.


People who live in the UK, aged 18 or over, can sign up to let researchers know you’re interested in volunteering to take part.

“By collecting details about people who are interested in taking part in vaccine studies, this will help us to carry out studies and find a vaccine faster,” explained the NIHR.

Signing up doesn’t guarantee you’ll take part in a study. If you match the criteria based on the information given, you’ll get an informative email telling you about the study.

With that knowledge, you are then able to decide if you’d still like to take part.

Following on from your agreement, the researcher will need to collect more data about your health to see if you’re suitable for the study.

This information could be collected online or over the phone (or both).

Bear in mind that the vaccines are designed so that they do not cause infection.

For more information on being part of a trial, visit Be Part of Research; to sign up click here.

Russia threat: Putin 'will lie and lie because it's part of a game' – MP's scathing attack

Labour MP and friend of Alexei Navalny, Chris Bryant, claimed the poisoning of Alexei Navalny had “all the hallmarks of a classic Putin, KGB style attempted murder”. Britain has since insisted Russia must explain why a critic of Russian President Vladimir Putin has been poisoned with a nerve agent of the Novichok family and said it is unacceptable that the chemical weapon has been used again. Toxology tests of blood samples from Alexei Navalny conducted at a German military laboratory-produced what Germany called “unequivocal evidence” that he was poisoned with Novichok.

Speaking to LBC, Mr Bryant said: “It seemed likely Russia would take action against one of their most prominent critics.

“God knows they’ve tried many times before.

“The reason the Russian doctors did not want to let him go nor allow other doctors to see him was he’d been poisoned.”

The Labour MP noted: “Russia will lie and lie and lie, because that’s part of the game.”

READ MORE: Putin’s rival Alexei Navalny was poisoned with nerve agent Novichok

Vladimir Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said last week that allegations of Kremlin involvement “absolutely cannot be true and are rather an empty noise”.

Dominic Raab today urged Moscow to “tell the truth” about the poisoning of Alexei Navalny, saying it is “absolutely unacceptable” the Russian opposition leader was poisoned by the same nerve agent deployed in Salisbury.

The Foreign Secretary said on Wednesday that Russia has “a clear case to answer” after the German government said the Kremlin critic was targeted with Novichok in an attempted murder.

Britain has long accused Russian operatives of using the Soviet-era poison to target Sergei Skripal, the former double agent targeted in the 2018 attack in the Wiltshire city.

“We will work closely with Germany, our allies and international partners to demonstrate that there are consequences for using banned chemical weapons anywhere in the world.”

Boris Johnson echoed his calls and said it was “outrageous” the chemical weapon had been used again.

The Prime Minister said Russia “must now explain what happened” and pledged that the UK will work to “ensure justice is done”.

Ms Merkel had earlier said that “there are very serious questions now that only the Russian government can answer, and must answer” after new tests detected the use of Novichok.

Eat Out to Help Out PART TWO: Ministers call on Sunak to reintroduce discount

Treasury officials are discussing possible options to present to Mr Sunak on his return from holiday next week. Eat Out to Help Out, which offered half-price meals in pubs and restaurants three days a week, wound up last night with millions of families using the bank holiday as a last opportunity to tuck in to taxpayer-subsidised grub.

Some ministers would like to see new locally targeted discount schemes to help encourage office workers to return to their desks after months of working from home.

One unidentified minister was quoted in a newspaper yesterday as saying: “The scheme has been a big success in general but it’s all very well going to your local restaurant down the road for a cheap meal when those restaurants are already doing good business because of people working from home.

“It is the destination restaurants in city centres that need the help, and that’s where resources should be concentrated.”

More than 64million meals were served up under the Eat Out to Help Out scheme, which ran on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays throughout August.

Mr Sunak initially allocated £500million from the Treasury to pay for the discount, worth up to £10 a meal.

The final cost is expected to be announced in the next few days.

Figures show the average discount was around £5.25, just over half the maximum.

Dozens of restaurant and pub chains have promised to continue offering the discount over the next few weeks to encourage customers to keep coming back.

Yet the Chancellor is worried that the slump in business in city centres around the country will have a devastating impact on the wider economy.

Many leading businesses including major banks in the City of London have advised staff to continue working from home until next year at the earliest.

But ministers are understood to want to try to gradually encourage workers back to their offices without being too seen as too heavy-handed.

Senior backbench Tory MP Robert Halfon, a former minister, said: “It should be up to the employers to decide. Obviously it’s great if you’ve got vibrant and bustling cities, but we shouldn’t get ourselves into a position where we’re seen as Tories saying this is what an employer must do and everyone must march from the suburbs to the cities in some sort of forced collectivisation.

“I think that employers are best to know whether or not their employees can be in.”

The Federation of Small Businesses last night called on the Chancellor to consider a range of new measures to support employment while his “furlough” scheme winds down over the next two months.

Mike Cherry, the federation’s chairman, said: “We believe it is time for the Government to bring forward a rescue package for those who have been left out. We look forward to a truly pro-business Budget in the months ahead.

“Now is not the time for measures that will stifle a small business community that will be central to our economic recovery.” 

Petrol car risk: Thieves target part which is MORE valuable than gold as crime rates soar

Petrol vehicles are installed with vital catalytic converter devices which contain three precious and highly expensive metals. Rhodium, platinum and palladium metals are all found in the devices which are used to regulate emissions and have become key targets form car thieves. 

Palladium prices have shot up dramatically with the metal selling for more per gram than gold over the past year.

The National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC) has issued a critical warning for road users to keep their cars safe after catalytic converter thefts dramatically increased in 2019.

Data reveals the number of robberies increased by sixfold last year with almost 13,000 recorded incidents.

This was up from just over 2,000 thefts reported in 2018 which reveals drivers are at considerable risk.

READ MORE: Car theft offences reach highest level in four years 

She said: “Police forces across the country are involved in planning and undertaking intelligence-led operations, at both the regional and national level, to stop converters from being stolen, as we recognise the devastating impact these crimes can have upon the lives of victims.”

In a shocking discovery, it has been revealed that an act aimed at stopping the practice has not been enforced meaning thieves are still able to sell stolen parts without being traced.

The Scrap Metal Dealers Act was aimed to ban cash sales while insisting on thorough identity checks on sellers.

But almost 120 councils across the country have not visited any scrap dealers over the last 28 months meaning unlicensed sellers may still be able to operate.

The Local Government Association revealed that the Act had seen a drop in metal thefts but that the problem had increased due to rising metal prices.

Nesil Caliskan, spokesperson for the LGA revealed that local councils had “limited powers” to tackle those without a licence.

She said: “Councils are targeting their limited resources as efficiently as possible and can take enforcement action where issues are identified.

“Councils have limited powers to tackle unlicensed operators and the LGA has called on [the] government to introduce greater enforcement powers to help local authorities tackle rogue operators.”

Catalytic converter thefts can have a major impact on road users with some vehicles being completely written off due to the level of damage caused by ripping off the tool.

Replacing the part can set drivers back up to £1,300 while those that are not aware their device has been knocked will fail their next MOT test.

Drivers found behind the wheel of a car without a catalytic converter can also be fined up to £1,000 in a major blow.

Claiming against the damage on a car insurance agreement can also lead to consequences with no claims bonuses likely affected.