Nonviolent calls for service that police officers typically respond to include mental health crises, substance abuse and neighbor disputes.
The model will be developed by the Chief Legislative Analyst (CLA) and the City Administrative Officer (CAO), with assistance from the Los Angeles Police Department and the city’s Housing Services Authority, officials said.
The Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health and other relevant government service providers will also be involved in the development and implementation of the model.
The measure directs the CLA to analyze and report back on programs utilized domestically and internationally, as well as other models of crisis intervention. It cited CAHOOTS, a community policing partnership that has been in place in Eugene, Oregon, as an example of a program to examine.
“The bottom line is that the way things have been going is not working for our communities,” Wesson, who authored the motion with Council President Nury Martinez, wrote on Twitter.
“This last month has made that crystal clear. We have a responsibility to listen to our people, and our people have spoken. I look forward to continuing this work alongside @BLMLA,” Wesson wrote, referring to Black Lives Matter-LA.
The vote comes after activists in Los Angeles — led by the city’s Black Lives Matter chapter — for weeks repeated the same call to action voiced by many nationwide following the May death of George Floyd: Defund the police.
The move to replace some police with trained crisis responders is one component of the movement. Supporters of defunding police — either abolishing police entirely or shrinking their departments’ budgets and reinvesting those funds in education or housing — believe that unarmed workers trained to deescalate violence could better serve some community members.
Weeks of activism
Floyd, a 46-year-old Black man, died in late May after pleading for help as a Minneapolis police officer used his knee on Floyd’s neck to pin him to the ground for more than eight minutes.
Video of the incident surfaced and quickly sparked a global movement to demand justice and end police brutality in solidarity with Black Lives Matter, with protests nationwide including in LA.
“We need to reimagine public safety in the 21st century,” Wesson said on June 16. “One which reduces the need for armed police presence, especially when the situation does not necessarily require it.”
Wesson, who was the first Black president of the Los Angeles City Council, said police have gone from part of the solution to part of the problem and “may not be best equipped” to respond to non-emergency situations.
“We agree with Councilmember Wesson that not every call our city leaders have asked us to respond to should be a police response,” Tom Saggau, a spokesman for the Los Angeles Police Protective League (LAPPL), told CNN in a statement on June 16.
“We are more than willing to talk about how, or if, we respond to non-criminal and non-emergency calls so we can free up time to respond quickly to 911 calls, crack down on violent and property crime, and expand our community policing efforts.”
Tuesday, Mayor Eric Garcetti — who has been criticized by LA activists amid the movement to defund police — praised the city council’s plan.
Nationwide calls to ‘defund the police’
The movement calls for investing a sizable chunk of a city’s budget — normally designated for funding police departments — to communities, especially marginalized ones where much of the policing occurs.
The concept’s been a murmur for years, particularly following the protests against police brutality in Ferguson, Missouri, though it seemed improbable in 2014.
Now, local officials have begun listening to activist demands — and change, at least in some areas of the country, seems more probable.
“The world is speaking right now,” Abdullah said while addressing City Council members in mid-June. “They’re saying we don’t want a system of policing that puts targets on the backs of Black people especially, but also is a regular assailant and traumatizer of our entire community.”
“This is one action of many that we need to take on the road to a more equitable and just system that keeps people safe,” council member Jeremiah Ellison said.
Police unions in Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Jose in mid-June unveiled a collective agenda calling for national police reform and pledging to root out racist officers.
“Unfortunately, there is racism in our communities and that means across our country there are some racist police officers,” the unions said in a joint statement. “Police unions must root out racism wherever it rears its ugly head and root out any racist individual from our profession.”
In Los Angeles, Wesson acknowledged the new plan “won’t solve all our problems right away.”
CNN’s Alexandra Meeks and Scottie Andrew contributed to this report.
So far, she has made more than 1,275 pans of lasagna for friends, neighbors, first responders, and anyone in need of a good fresh meal — without charging anyone.
For Brenner, this is a labor of love, and she has no plans to stop.
“I knew it was my time in my life to give back to the people who paved life’s path for me to have the 45 years of life that I’ve had,” she told CNN.
Brenner, who moved to Gig Harbor, Washington, about six years ago, was furloughed from work at a menswear store after Covid-19 hit. She quickly realized that she is not very good at sitting around.
She said she decided she wanted to help elderly members of her community and those who could not get out and shop for themselves because of the pandemic.
So, she signed up to work as a shopper for Instacart. She only spent two days working with the grocery delivery app — but during that time she noticed one item her customers kept asking for: frozen lasagna.
One of those customers was a man in his nineties. Brenner said when she delivered the frozen lasagna and other items to him, he confessed to her that he had not had any fresh food in nearly a month and a half.
That moment inspired Brenner to do some grocery shopping of her own, and pick up the ingredients to make her family a fresh lasagna based on her grandmother’s recipe.
“Frozen lasagna is not a treat,” she said. “I am not a fan of frozen lasagna. I’m very Italian.”
After her dish came out of the oven, Brenner jumped on Facebook to do what so many others have done throughout quarantine: Share her home cooked meal on social media. In her post, Brenner offered to make her lasagna and deliver it free of charge to anyone who wanted one.
When she received enough requests, she went to the store and spent her $1,200 stimulus check on ingredients and started cooking.
She made more than 130 lasagnas, and distributed them to those who requested it for free.
“The whole point of this is to spread that sense of community wherever we can through the comfort of lasagna,” she said. “So, I don’t want anybody to feel disincluded because reality is there are people out there who can’t afford a dollar.”
A one-woman operation
This is a one-woman operation. Brenner spends eight to 14 hours per day doing all the cooking herself. She spent the last 90 days working without a day off.
“Many of us go to work and want to go home right away… and I never had that feeling,” she said of her recent cooking endeavor.
Brenner started the operation in her own home, pushing her kitchen to its limit and setting up a contactless food pantry in her front yard.
Recently, she said she was given free use of a commercial kitchen at the Gig Harbor Sportsman’s club, allowing her to grow her operation.
The process of distributing the lasagnas has allowed Brenner to see the impact of her work first hand.
One family, she said, cried when she arrived on Easter because without the lasagna and other treats, they told her they did not have enough money to celebrate the holiday this year. Another man Brenner fed told her he had recently lost both his father and young son to Covid-19. One woman told Brenner she donated lasagna to the nurses taking care of her mother in an Alzheimer’s ward.
Brenner said she feels her lasagna delivers more than just nutrition: It creates an opportunity for family members to bond.
“That’s a family meal, that’s time to sit together, that’s memories making, that’s conversations,” she said. “It’s something you’ll remember the rest of your life.”
Although she distributes the lasagnas for free, many in her community wanted to chip in. They decided to organize a series of fundraisers online to help Brenner keep the operation going. Over the last nine weeks, Brenner said they raised more than $23,000 for her — which translated into 1,275 pans of lasagna.
While Brenner does not know what will happen when her furlough ends, she said she does not plan to stop making lasagna for others. She called the experience of making lasagna for her community “a dream come true.”
“People say ‘are you tired?'” Brenner said, “and I go, ‘you know, I don’t have time to think about that, I have lasagna to make.'”