Two upgraded nuclear-powered submarines were laid down at the Sevmash Shipyard in Russia on Monday. The two submarines will get hypersonic weapons according to Sevmash’s chief executive.
Sevmash CEO, Mikhail Budnichenko, said: “Today we are laying down ships with hypersonic weapons, which are the future of the Russian submarine fleet.”
President Vladimir Putin attended the ceremony for the Russian Navy’s first helicopter carriers at the Zaliv Shipyard on the Crimean Peninsula on Monday.
He said the two submarines, Project 885M ‘Yasen-M’, would be named the Voronezh and the Vladivostok in honour of the Russian military glory cities.
On Monday, three leading Russian shipyards simultaneously laid down six new ocean-going ships.
Two are universal amphibious assault ships in Kerch on the Crimean Peninsula.
Another two ships are frigates in St.Petersburg and two others are nuclear-powered submarines.
President Putin said the universal amphibious assault ships and the frigates will be named after Russian glorified military and naval commanders.
He said the commanders “did much for strengthening the navy”.
READ MORE: Russia ‘more of a threat than Cold War’ following Brexit report
Both are seeking to heighten their presence in the region as rising temperatures make the area more accessible, according to Business Insider.
Russian and NATO forces are in close proximity in the European Arctic.
In 2018, a US aircraft carrier flew above the Arctic Circle for the first time since the 1990s.
Since then, US navy ships have travelled to the high north several times.
In May, US navy surface ships sailed into the Barents Sea for the first time in over 30 years.
Russia called the US exercise “provocative” and conducted their own live-fire exercise days later.
General Jeffrey Harrigian, commander of the US Air Forces in Europe, told Business Insider: “The Arctic remains a key area for us to continue to best understand how we will operate up there, and key to me for that is how we operate with our partners.”
In 2019, US airmen travelled to an island in the Norwegian Sea to test if military transport aircraft could land there.
This US exercise in 2019 alarmed Russia.
Mr Harrigian said it was “crystal clear” US partners have the best understanding of the Arctic “so our reliance on them, and the interaction, as demonstrated by our visit up there to learn from our partners, is really going to be key to our success.”